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Scotland

Below is the Seal of Henry de Vipont Kt, Fragment of Homage dated 1296, with twenty two strings of seals, Scots seals from homage’s to King Edward 1 date 1296. There are also recorded but not available Seals of Peronel de Vipont of Berwickshire and Robert de Vipond of Edinburghshire. Who were these Minor Gentry? Margaret F Moore, M.A. in her book The Lands of the Scottish Kings in England states “Nicholas de Vipont of Alstone was one of the Scots who swore fealty to Edward 1 at Berwick on Aug 28 1296, after the submission and deposition of Balliol, his decedents served on the English side during the rest of the Scottish wars."  Probably a wise decision!!

William de Vipont on the other hand was on of the few Knights killed fighting for Scotland 1314 does not appear to have sworn allegiance to Edward 1.

 

 

Held by the National Archives Kew and produced with there permission

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Above is the Seal of Henry de Vipont Kt, Fragment of Homage dated 1296.

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Vieuxpont in Scotland. The same as those in the North of England? Note the Mining Conection again!!

VIPONT: This name seems to derive from one of several places in Normandy called Vieupont from the Latin meaning 'of the old bridge'. The Scottish Viponts descend from William de Ueupunt or Veteri Ponte circa 1165. The Veteri Pontes held the lands of Carriden, West Lothian, for many generations and in about 1250, Nicholas de Veteri Ponte made a gift of Swanston near Colinton to the Hospital of Soltre. Sir William de Vepont, 6th Baron, is described as being one of the two worthy knights slain on the Scottish side at Bannockburn. On his death the estates passed into the family of Cockburn by the marriage of his only child Mariota to Sir Alexander Cokburn. The Viponts were among the earliest known landowners in Fife, and the refrain of a song sung by fishermen there runs: "The leal guidman of Aberdour, sits in Sir Alan Vipont's chair." This surname is now almost extinct in Scotland. As the family does not comprise a clan, there is no chief, war-cry, crest, motto or plant badge. There is however a tartan which seems to have been woven for the family of Vipont around 1930 but is rarely used by them.

 

William Di Vipont
(William de Vetereponte)

Monks of Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, were granted a tithe by William Di Vipont during the reign of William the Lion (1165-1214) to dig a tenth of the coal from his Carriden Estate, which was then carried to Holyrood in panniers strapped to the backs of their horses; later it was taken to Leith by sailing ship. The tithe was significant as it first recorded the coal-mining or more correctly at the time the digging of coal in Scotland. He also gave Holyrood “Karedyn Church”. In 1291 monks from Dunfermline Abbey were also given the right to dig coal from outcrops around Bo'ness.

IS THIS THE SAME WILLIAM WHO WAS GRANTED ALSTONE MOOR BY WILLIAM THE LION KING OF SCOTLAND?

1333. The Battle of Halidon Hill, Adam De Vipont, Knight Templar is captured by Edward III. The King says “Vipont thy cross shield and tunic shows ill, waring against a Christian king”. Adam de Vipont responded “Sire, I was a Scotsman ere I was a Templar, sworn to my Order ,yet I knew my country”. It was in this battle that the Holy Rood of St. Margaret, is lost to the Scots,to be kept in Durham Cathedral. Near the battlefield,Edward 111, dedicates a chapel and calls it the Holy Rood,to celebrate his victory .

1333. Alan de Vipont was governor of Lochleven Castle this yearin the interest of David II.

 1335. Lochleven Castle, under the command of Alan de Vipont, was, during the months of May and June this year, besieged by a detachment of forces, commanded by Sir John de Strivling, in the interest of Edward Baliol. The following is an abbreviated account of the Siege:-

 "In the wars which harassed Scotland during the minority of David II, the Castle of Lochleven was held in the patriotic interest by Alan de Vipont against the troops of Edward III, who acted in behalf of Edward Baliol. John de Striviling blockaded it, erected a fort in the Churchyard at the point of the neighbouring promontory on the West, and at the lower end of the lake at the extreme S. E. point, where the water of Leven issues out of it, it is said that he raised a strong and lofty bulwark, by means of which he hoped, by preventing the water from running out, to raise its height so far as to raise the Castle under water and thereby constrain Vipont to surrender, or drown out the besieged! The water continued to rise daily, and the besiegers thought themselves certain of success, when, the English general and most of his troops having left the camp to celebrate the festival of St Margaret at Dunfermline, the besieged seized the favourable opportunity (June 19, 1335), and after much labour and perseverance they pierced the water-barrier, when the water rushed out with such impetuosity as to overwhelm such of the English forces that lay encamped on that side. When Sir John came back from his pious devotions at Dunfermline, and finding how matters stood, he swore that he would never desist from his enterprise till he had raised the Castle and put the garrison to the sword. But the fates were against him. He shortly afterwards was compelled by other circumstances to raise the siege and leave for other scenes of action. It has also been said that a small fort was erected on St Serf's Isle by command of the English general, but this is uncertain.

Last of the Vipont Nobility in Scotland?

Mariota Da of Sir William de Vipont.

The first Cockburn we can be certain of is Alexander Cockburn whose date of birth is unknown. In 1330 he married  Mariota de Veteri Ponte or Vipont a Norman heiress."  (Her father was one of the three Scottish earls killed at Bannockburn in 1314).  "They settled at Langton, near Duns in Berwickshire. Alexander is known as the father of all modern day Cockburn branches.  Much later in 1527 his descendent bought the lands at Cockburn Law, near Duns, Berwickshire from the Earl of Crawford and started the branch Cockburn of that Ilk who became Lairds of Duns."

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